Crusty old Joe's

Kodiak Alaska Military History



The official web site of the Kodiak Military History Museum


8 Inch Guns

8 inch gun MK. VI, Mod. 3A2

Principal Characteristics:

Overall length of gun:  369 in
Length of bore:  45 calibers

Number of grooves in barrel:  64
Depth of rifling:  .07 in.
Length of rifling:  288.79 in.
Type of rifling:  Right hand, uniform twist, one turn in 25 calibers

Type of breechblock:  Interrupted Screw
Type of firing mechanism:  Electrical and percussion

Weight of gun with breech mechanism  42,000 lb.
Weight of gun and band  55,000 lb
Weight of carriage:  103,000 lb
Total traverse:  360 degrees
Depression, maximum (loading angle) -5 deg
Elevation maximum:  45 deg

Maximum range (AP 260 lb projectile) 32,980 yds
              (HE 240 lb projectile) 35,365 yds
Maximum service powder pressure  38,000 lb/sq in
Muzzle energy (AP 260 lb shell)  15,300 ft-tons
Muzzle velocity
  AP 260 lb, Mk XX (normal charge) 2,100 f/s
                    (super charge) 2,750 f/s
     fuze:  BD Mk X
  HE 240 lb, M103  (normal charge) 2,250 f/s
                    (super charge) 2,840 f/s
     fuze:  PD M51A1, Model 1 with booster M21A1
Weight of powder charge (normal) 75 lb, 12 oz
                         (super) 108 lb, 8 oz
Rate of fire:  approximate 2 rds/min

Construction of gun:  built up
Recoil distance:  27 ins
     mechanism type:  hydraulic
     number of cylinders: 2
Counter recoil
     mechanism type:  pneumatic
     number of cylinders: 1

Sighting equipment:  oncarriage telescope mount M35, telescope M31

References:  TM 9-2005, TM 4-210
Catalog of Standard Ordnance Items,
 Second Edition 1944 Volume II, 15 January 1944
Reprint of TM 4-210 available from CDSG.

TM 4-210 Fig. 97
TM 4-210 Fig. 105 TM 4-210 Fig. 106
Ramming the projectile, 8-inch gun barbette carriage M1. Ammunition truck M17 for 8-inch gun barbette carriage M1.

SHELL, H.E., 8 INCH, M103 - STANDARD

The Shell, H.E., M103, is standard for 8 inch Guns, Mk. VI, Mod. 3A2, and M1. As fired the shell weighs 240 pounds and contains a bursting charge of 20.9 pounds of cast TNT which is detonated by a Fuze, P.D., M51A2, Mod. 3, or Fuze, Mechanical, Time, M67A1. The shell is shipped fuzed with a Fuze, P.D., M51A2, Mod. 3. When the Mechanical Time Fuze, M67A1 is used, it is necessary that the false ogive be removed and replaced after the shell has been refuzed with the mechanical time fuze.

For the 8 inch Gun, M1, two types of charges are provided for use with the Shell, H.E., M103. One is identified as a M9 (green bag) and the other as M10 (white bag). Both types are of the base and increment type.

The powder in the M9 charge is in the M1 class with an 87-10-3 formula. The grains have seven perforations and a web of .0695 inch. The complete charge weighs 76 pounds.

The powder in the M10 charge is alos in the M1 class with an 87-10-3 formula.

The grains have seven perforations and a web of .1000 inch. The complete charge weighs 106 pounds.

PROJECTILE, A.P., 8 INCH, MK. XX, MOD. 1 - STANDARD

This projectile was standardized to replace the M1911 armor-piercing round when the latter was made Limited Standard and an issue only item.

Seperate-loading ammunition, the Mk. XX projectile, is used in the 8 inch, M1888, the M1888MI, M1888MII and Mk. VI, Mod. 3A2, guns. As fired, the projectile weighs 261.8 pounds and contains a bursting charge of 3.4 pounds of explosive "D" which is detonated by the fuze, B.D., Mk. X.

The supercharge (base and increment) of 108 pounds of NH powder is fired by the M30 electric primer. The normal base section weighs 74.251 pounds. The complete round, including supercharge, weighs 369.8 pounds as fired in the Mk. VI, Mod. M3A2, gun.

The base and increment charge used with this projectile in the Mk. VI, Mod. 3A2, gun is 57 inches in length, and 9.25 inches in diameter. The powder in this charge is in the M1 class with an 87-10-3 formula. The grains have seven perforations and a web of 0.1 inch.

The stacked type, two-section propeling charge of NII powder used with this projectile in the M1888 series guns weighs 85.62 pounds. This charge measures 48.5 inches in length, and 8.75 inches in diameter.

The MI class powder used in these charges has an 87-10-3 formula. The grains have seven perforations and a web size of 0.092 inch.


* (Note: If large file doesn't load, it may be only available on our CD-ROM of the website.)

Naval Weapons page on the 8-inch 45 Mk VI weapon
Main index

http://www.kadiak.org/artillery/8in.html This page created 2002 September 27, updated 2007 November 15

www.ka diak.org